Does your company have more than 50 employees? If so, you are required to implement a whistleblower policy as a part of your internal reporting procedure. Whistleblowers play a pivotal role in organizations by exposing and reporting ‘wrongdoing’ within the workplace. It helps promote transparency, accountability, and ethical behaviour. The EU Whistleblowing Directive and the Whistleblower Protection Act protect people who come forward with information about wrongdoing.  

This year, the Dutch government instituted several changes to the whistleblower policy, making it more widely applicable to companies in the Netherlands. That’s why this article is going to describe the fundamentals of the Whistleblower Protection Act, why it’s important, and what companies need to know about it. If you company needs support developing a Whistleblower Policy, get in touch with one of our experts. 

What is a Whistleblower protection policy in the Netherlands, and why is it important? 

In 2019, Directive (EU) 2019/1937 of the European Parliament, commonly known as the ‘EU Whistleblowing Directive’ was enforced for EU Member States to implement the rights and obligations of whistleblowers in national law. As a part of the union, the Netherlands is obliged to follow EU law and implemented the Whistleblower Protection Act (Wet bescherming klokkenluiders, Wbk) on 18 February 2023, replacing the previous Whistleblowers Authority Act (Wet Huis voor klokkenluiders, Wet HvK).  

This Whistleblower Protection Act mandates that a company with more than 50 employees must maintain an internal reporting channel, monitor, and act, on filed reports while keeping the whistleblower’s identity anonymous. It also offers protections against retaliation actions. Below is the summary. 

For whom? 

Any company located or registered in the Netherlands who employ 50 – 249 employees. 

What is the scope of whistleblowing reports? 

  1. Wrongdoing against the public interest 
  1. Violation of EU law  
  1. Unethical professional behaviour in the context of work-related  

Who is protected under the Whistleblower Protection Act? 

  • Current and former employees 
  • Directors  
  • Freelancers 
  • Contractors 
  • Shareholders 
  • Suppliers 
  • Trainees 
  • Interns (paid or unpaid) 
  • Volunteers 
  • Job applicants  
  • Third parties such as colleagues or relatives who could be affected by disclosed information 

What is protected under the Whistleblower Protection Act? 

  • Suspension, termination of contract or dismissal 
  • Demotion or withholding of promotion  
  • Transfer of duties, work location changes 
  • Negative reference on performance  
  • Imposing penalties or disciplinary measures  
  • Harm of the whistle-blower’s reputation, especially in social media 
  • Cancellation or termination of a contract for goods or services 

Please note that the burden of proof is on the employer who has to prove that the disadvantage suffered from the reporter is not related to the reporting.  

What are required for a company?  

  • Establish an internal reporting channel  
  • Define reportable wrongdoing  
  • Appoint an officer or a department to monitor and manage files 
  • Provide a copy of acknowledgement within 7 days of receiving a report  
  • Provide feedback on the submitted report within 3 months  
  • Communicate with employees about the reporting system 
  • Protect anonymity of the whistleblower and comply with GDPR 

Integrity policy 

Having an integrity policy before implementing a whistleblower policy is important as it sets the foundation for ethical conduct establishing the values, principles, and expected behavior of employees. A whistleblower policy provides a formal mechanism for employees to report any unethical or illegal activities without fear of retaliation. It complements the integrity policy by offering a specific process for addressing concerns and ensuring that the company remains accountable. 

Reporting procedure with the Dutch Whistleblower Protection Act 

An infographic detailing the step by step process about what to do if an employee expects wrongdoing in their organization.

Reports can be made directly to external authorities without the requirement to report internally. This means that the lack of internal reporting channels or an unreachable system may lead to a reporter to go outside the company to report. It is important not only to have a whistleblower policy but also implement and communicate about it with your employees to promote transparency and regulatory compliance within the company. Moreover, don’t forget to implement an integrity policy and review it when necessary. An integrity policy outlines the expectations and standards for ethical behavior and honesty within the workplace. It serves as a guide for employees to maintain integrity in their actions, fostering a trustworthy and transparent work environment.  

Now that the whistleblower protection act has been expanded to include more companies in the Netherlands, it is likely that your company will need to develop a whistleblower policy too. If you want to learn more about what this means for your internal reporting policy, or just need support developing it, please get in touch with one of our experts.